At least 70% of vehicle sales must be ZEVs to achieve Ottawa’s emissions plan: report – Victoria News


The CD Howe Institute says 70 to 75 percent of passenger car sales in Canada will need to be zero-emission vehicles by 2030 in order to meet the federal government’s emissions targets.

The think tank says around 7.7 million electric vehicles or other emission-free vehicles are expected to be on the road by 2030, equivalent to 30% of the total number of vehicles, to sufficiently reduce greenhouse gas emissions. greenhouse to achieve Ottawa’s December 2020 climate plan.

Zero-emission vehicle sales accounted for 3.5% of total vehicle sales in 2020, according to the report.

The plan calls for a 213 megaton (MT) reduction in greenhouse gas emissions – or 30 percent of 2018 GHGs nationwide – by 2030. GHGs from transportation are expected to drop to 151 MT up from 186 MT in 2018. The Federal Liberals recently updated their ZEV mandatory sales target to be 100% of all passenger vehicles by 2035.

The report focuses on the transport of passengers and goods, from cars to SUVs and trucks, which are the main sources of emissions in the sector.

He says the plan calls for a 41 percent reduction in average GHGs per vehicle over the next decade.

The authors of the report say the targets could be met with an increase in the biofuel blend, a 2.5% annual improvement in the efficiency of internal combustion engines and ZEVs accounting for 30% of vehicles on the road.

“Understanding the practical implications of transport emission targets will help policymakers consider the trade-offs involved in achieving these targets,” the report says.

Success will also depend on how quickly Canadians replace their current vehicles with more efficient ones. A trend towards light trucks would require even greater efficiency improvements or higher penetration of VZE.

Ottawa’s plan would also require about an 18% reduction in the average emission intensity of freight trucks by 2030.

The Canadian Press

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